Extreme athlete Felix Baumgartner has landed safely on Earth after a 24-mile-high jump from the stratosphere in what could be the world’s first supersonic skydive.
ROSWELL, N.M. – Austrian extreme athlete Felix Baumgartner landed safely on Earth after a 24-mile jump from high the stratosphere in a dramatic, daring feat that may also have marked the world’s first supersonic skydive.
Baumgartner landed in the eastern New Mexico desert minutes after jumping from his capsule 28,000 feet (8,534 meters), or 24 miles (38.6-kilometer), above Earth. He lifted his arms in victory shortly after landing, sending off loud cheers from onlookers and friends inside the mission’s control center in Roswell, New Mexico.
It wasn’t immediately certain whether he had broken the speed of sound during his free-fall, which was one of the goals of the mission.
Three hours earlier, Baumgartner, known as “Fearless Felix,” had taken off in a pressurized capsule carried by a 55-story ultra-thin helium balloon.
During the ensuing jump from more than three times the height of the average cruising altitude for jetliners, Baumgartner was expected to hit a speed of 690 mph (1,110 kilometers).
As he exited his capsule from high above Earth, he flashed a thumbs-up sign, aware that his feat was being shown on a live-stream on the Internet with a 20-second delay.
Any contact with the capsule on his exit could have torn his pressurized suit, a rip that could expose him to a lack of oxygen and temperatures as low as minus 70 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 57 degrees Celsius). That could have caused potentially lethal bubbles to form in his bodily fluids.
He activated his parachute as he neared Earth and gently glided into the New Mexico desert.
Coincidentally, Baumgartner’s attempted feat also marked the 65th anniversary of U.S. test pilot Chuck Yeager successful attempt to become the first man to officially break the sound barrier aboard an airplane.
At Baumgartner’s insistence, some 30 cameras recorded the event Sunday. While it had been pegged as a live broadcast, it was actually under a 20-second delay.
Shortly after launch, screens at mission control showed the capsule as it rose above 10,000 feet (3,000 meters), high above the New Mexico desert as cheers erupted from organizers. Baumgartner also could be seen on video checking instruments inside the capsule.
Baumgartner’s team included Joe Kittinger, who first attempted to break the sound barrier from 19.5 miles (31.4 kilometers) up in 1960. With Kittinger inside mission control Sunday, the two men could be heard going over technical details as the launch began.
“You are right on the button, keep it right there,” Kittinger told Baumgartner.
An hour into the flight, Baumgartner had ascended more than 63,000 feet (19,200 meters) and had gone through a trial run of the jump sequence that will send him plummeting toward Earth. Ballast was dropped to speed up the ascent.
Kittinger told him, “Everything is in the green. Doing great.”
By 11:15 a.m. MDT (1715 GMT), he had reached more than 100,000 feet (30,000 meters) above Earth. Organizers earlier had estimated the jump to occur at roughly 12:30 p.m. MDT (1830 GMT), though that timing was tentative.
Baumgartner broke the 52-year-old altitude record set by Kittinger, who reached a speed of 614 mph (988 kph), just under the sound barrier.
This attempt marked the end of a five-year road for Baumgartner, a record-setting high-altitude jumper. He already had made two preparation jumps in the area, one in March from 15 miles (24 kilometers) high and one in July from 18 miles (29 kilometers) high. It will also be the end of his extreme altitude jumping career; he has promised this will be his final jump.
Dr. Jonathan Clark, Baumgartner’s medical director, had told reporters he expected the pressurized spacesuit to protect him from the shock waves of breaking the sound barrier. A successful jump could lead NASA to certify a new generation of spacesuits for protecting astronauts and provide an escape option from spacecraft at 120,000 feet (36,000 meters), he said.
The energy drink maker Red Bull, which is sponsoring the feat, has been promoting a live Internet stream of the event from nearly 30 cameras on the capsule, the ground and a helicopter. But organizers said there would be a 20-second delay in their broadcast of footage in case of a tragic accident.
After the jump, Baumgartner says he plans to settle down with his girlfriend and fly helicopters on mountain rescue and firefighting missions in the U.S. and Austria.